Investigation of Dopamine Content, Synthesis, and Release in the Rabbit Retina In Vitro: II. Effects of High Potassium, Adenylate Cyclase Activators, and N‐n‐Propyl‐3‐(3‐Hydroxyphenyl) Piperidine

Senyo Ofori*, Pierre Magistretti, Michel Schorderet

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract The modulation of 3,4‐dihydroxyphenylethylamine (dopamine, DA) synthesis and release in rabbit retina in vitro by high K+; adenylate cyclase activators such as forskolin, 2‐chloroadenosine, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP); and the putative DA autoreceptor agonist N‐n‐propyl‐3‐(3‐hydroxyphenyl) piperidine (3‐PPP) has been investigated. Incubation of retinas in 50 mM K+ resulted in the activation of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH). Activation did not require the presence of extracellular Ca2+. K+ 50 mM also induced a Ca2+‐dependent release of DA. Forskolin 50 μM stimulated TH but 100 μM 2‐chloroadenosine and 650 μM VIP did not. Individually, (±)‐3‐PPP, (‐)‐3‐PPP, and (±)‐3‐PPP reduced DA synthesis and increased its release. The effects of (+)‐3‐PPP were dose‐dependent and did not require the presence of extracellular Ca2+. The activation of TH induced by 50 mM K+, but not that induced by 50 μM forskolin, was abolished by 100 μM (±)‐3‐PPP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1207-1213
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume47
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986

Keywords

  • Adenylate cyclase activator
  • Autoreceptor
  • Dopamine synthesis
  • N‐n‐Propyl‐3‐(3‐hydroxyphenyl) piperidine
  • Retina
  • Tyrosine hydroxylase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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