Innovative Route to Prepare of Au/C Catalysts by Replication of Gold-containing Mesoporous Silicas

Fatmé Kerdi, Valerie Caps, Alain Tuel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Gold-catalyzed aerobic epoxidations in the liquid phase are generally performed in low-polarity solvents, in which conventional oxide-supported catalysts are poorly dispersed. To improve the wettability of the catalytic powder and, thus, the efficiency of the catalyst, gold nanoparticles (NPs) have been dispersed on meso-structured carbons. Gold is first introduced in functionalized mesostructured silica and particles are formed inside the porosity. Silica pores are then impregnated with a carbon precursor and the composite material is heated at 900 °C under vacuum or nitrogen. Silica is then removed by acid leaching, leading to partially encapsulated gold particles in mesoporous carbon. Carbon prevents aggregation of gold particles at high temperature, both the mean size and distribution being similar to those observed in silica. However, while Au@SiO2 exhibit significant catalytic activity in the aerobic oxidation of trans-stilbene in the liquid phase, its Au@C mesostructured replica is quite inactive.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPhysics Procedia
PublisherElsevier BV
Pages205-210
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 23 2011

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