The influence of cooling rate from the melt on the polymorphism and crystallinity is investigated as a function of isotacticity and stereo-defect distribution in polypropylenes. Detailed analysis of wide angle x-ray diffraction patterns shows that crystallinity in the materials used is nearly independent of the experimental cooling rates (0.5-40 °C/min). At high cooling rates, the materials exist mainly in the α-phase, whereas the amount of the γ-phase increases at the lower cooling rates. With an increasing amount of stereo-defects, this cooling-rate dependence of the polymorphism is enhanced. The effect of different stereo-defect distributions, as observed in metallocene(random) and Ziegler-Natta (blocklike) derived isotactic polypropylenes, was investigated. The formation of the γ-phase is more prevalent in materials with a random defect distribution compared to the materials in which the stereo-defects have a blocklike distribution. The crystallinity decreases more rapidly as a function of the tacticity in the random defect-distributed materials.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Journal of Macromolecular Science - Physics|
|Number of pages||14|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2002|