Influence of fast-heating processes and O atom production by a nanosecond spark discharge on the ignition of a lean H2-air premixed flame

Fabien Tholin, Deanna Lacoste, Anne Bourdon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents 2D simulations of the ignition of a lean premixed H2-air flame by a nanosecond spark discharge between two-point electrodes at atmospheric pressure and at an initial temperature of 1000K. As a first step, it was assumed that thermal and chemical effects of the nanosecond spark discharge are the same in a lean H2-air mixture as in air. Comparing different models for the gas heating, we have shown that the fraction of the discharge energy going to gas heating for nanosecond spark discharges is in the range 20-30%, in agreement with literature values. The gas heating was found to start during the nanosecond voltage pulse as soon as the nanosecond spark channel is formed and the discharge energy is deposited non-uniformly in air with hot spots close to electrode tips. For the chemical effect, results show that in air, the atomic oxygen radical is mostly produced after the nanosecond voltage pulse due to the dissociative quenching of electronically excited N2. The maximum of the dissociation level of molecular oxygen is in the range 30%-60% in the plasma channel. Then, thermal and chemical effects of the nanosecond spark discharge on the ignition of a lean premixed H2-air flame have been studied separately. In both cases, a flame ignition was observed. Results show that thermal and chemical effects of the nanosecond spark on the ignition are of the same order with a slightly higher ignition efficiency for the chemical effect. Finally, we have taken into account simultaneously thermal and chemical effects and a synergistic activation has been observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1235-1246
Number of pages12
JournalCombustion and Flame
Volume161
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • 2D simulation
  • Detailed chemical kinetics
  • Fast gas heating
  • Hydrogen-air mixture
  • Ignition dynamics
  • Nanosecond spark

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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