to evaluate the relationship between serum levels of the soluble Receptor for Advanced Glycation End-products (sRAGE) and mortality in frail and non-frail older adults. Methods: we studied 691 subjects (141 frail and 550 non-frail) with a median age of 75 years from two population-based cohorts, the Toledo Study of Healthy Aging and the AMI study, who were enrolled to the FRAILOMIC initiative. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis were used to assess the relationship between baseline sRAGE and mortality. Results: during 6 years of follow-up 101 participants died (50 frail and 51 non-frail). Frail individuals who died had significantly higher sRAGE levels than those who survived (median [IQR]: 1563 [1015-2248] vs 1184 [870-1657] pg/ml, P = 0.006), whilst no differences were observed in the non-frail group (1262 [1056-1554] vs 1186 [919-1551] pg/ml, P = 0.19). Among frail individuals higher sRAGE levels were associated with an increased risk of death after adjustment for relevant covariates (HR = 2.72 per unit increment in ln-sRAGE, 95%CI 1.48-4.99, P = 0.001). In contrast, in non-frail individuals sRAGE showed no association with mortality. Survival curves demonstrated that among frail individuals the incidence of death was significantly higher in the top sRAGE quartile compared to the three lower quartiles (P = 0.002). Area under the ROC curve analysis demonstrated that for frail individuals, inclusion of sRAGE in the hazard model increased its predictive accuracy by ~3%. Conclusions: sRAGE is an independent predictor of mortality among frail individuals. Determination of sRAGE in frail subjects could be useful for prognostic assessment and treatment stratification.