In vitro and in vivo evaluation of hydrophilic dendronized linear polymers

Cameron C. Lee, Masaru Yoshida, Jean Frechet, Edward E. Dy, Francis C. Szoka*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rigid-rod dendronized linear polymers consisting of a poly(4- hydroxystyrene) backbone and fourth-generation polyester dendrons were evaluated in vitro and in vivo to determine their suitability as drug delivery vectors. Cytotoxicity assays indicated that the polymers were well tolerated by cells in vitro. Biodistribution studies of the polymers in both nontumored and tumored mice revealed that as for random coil linear polymers, renal clearance was a function of polymer size, with significant urinary excretion observed for a 67 kDa dendronized polymer. High accumulation in organs of the reticuloendothelial system was exhibited by a dendronized polymer with a very high molecular weight (M n = 1740 kDa), but was not as significant for smaller polymers with M n = 67 kDa and M n = 251 kDa. The rank order for tumor accumulation of the polymers on a percent injected dose per gram tumor basis was 251 kDa ∼ 1740 kDa > 67 kDa. These data will help guide the selection of highly functionalizable rigid-rod dendronized polymers with pharmacokinetic properties appropriate for use as drug carriers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)535-541
Number of pages7
JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry

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