In situ swimming speed and swimming behaviour of dielly migrating planktivorous fish were studied at a 120-m-deep location. Acoustic target tracking was performed using a hull-mounted transducer and submersible transducers located on the sea bottom and free hanging in the water column. The original data displayed a relationship between distance to transducer and swimming speed. A simplistic smoother applied during post-processing, appeared to break this relationship. Target tracking thus provided robust results on in situ swimming behaviour throughout the water column. Swimming speeds of deep-living fish, mainly Norway pout (Trisopterus esmarkii) and whiting (Merlangius merlangus), were highest during the day (speeds centred around 14-16 cm·s-1) and decreased somewhat by night (modes around 10-11 cm·s-1). Fish in the upper 10-30 m swam somewhat faster (speeds ranging from 16 to 24 cm·s-1). Fish in the upper layer at night were mainly Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus), sprat (Sprattus sprattus), and whiting. We ascribe the reduction of swimming speed in deep-living fish at night to a switch from visual feeding during day-time to nonvisual feeding by night. We suggest that shallow-living fish could forage visually even by night. Most tracks were fairly short, but some long tracks unveiled elaborate swimming paths as well as cyclic swimming behaviour.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences|
|State||Published - Aug 1 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Aquatic Science