Improved characteristics of near-band-edge and deep-level emissions from Zno nanorod arrays by atomic-layer-deposited Al 2O 3 and zno shell layers

Wen Cheng Sun, Yu Cheng Yeh, Chung Ting Ko, Jr-Hau He, Miin Jang Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


We report on the characteristics of near-band-edge (NBE) emission and deep-level band from ZnO/Al 2O 3 and ZnO/ZnO core-shell nanorod arrays (NRAs). Vertically aligned ZnO NRAs were synthesized by an aqueous chemical method, and the Al 2O 3 and ZnO shell layers were prepared by the highly conformal atomic layer deposition technique. Photoluminescence measurements revealed that the deep-level band was suppressed and the NBE emission was significantly enhanced after the deposition of Al 2O 3 and ZnO shells, which are attributed to the decrease in oxygen interstitials at the surface and the reduction in surface band bending of ZnO core, respectively. The shift of deep-level emissions from the ZnO/ZnO core-shell NRAs was observed for the first time. Owing to the presence of the ZnO shell layer, the yellow band associated with the oxygen interstitials inside the ZnO core would be prevailed over by the green luminescence, which originates from the recombination of the electrons in the conduction band with the holes trapped by the oxygen vacancies in the ZnO shell.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number556
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalNanoscale Research Letters
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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