Importance of the Donor:Fullerene intermolecular arrangement for high-efficiency organic photovoltaics

Kenneth Graham, Clement Cabanetos, Justin P. Jahnke, Matthew N. Idso, Abdulrahman El Labban, Guy Olivier Ngongang Ndjawa, Thomas Heumueller, Koen Vandewal, Alberto Salleo, Bradley F. Chmelka, Aram Amassian, Pierre Beaujuge, Michael D. McGehee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

259 Scopus citations

Abstract

The performance of organic photovoltaic (OPV) material systems are hypothesized to depend strongly on the intermolecular arrangements at the donor:fullerene interfaces. A review of some of the most efficient polymers utilized in polymer:fullerene PV devices, combined with an analysis of reported polymer donor materials wherein the same conjugated backbone was used with varying alkyl substituents, supports this hypothesis. Specifically, the literature shows that higher-performing donor-acceptor type polymers generally have acceptor moieties that are sterically accessible for interactions with the fullerene derivative, whereas the corresponding donor moieties tend to have branched alkyl substituents that sterically hinder interactions with the fullerene. To further explore the idea that the most beneficial polymer:fullerene arrangement involves the fullerene docking with the acceptor moiety, a family of benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b]dithiophene-thieno[3,4-c]pyrrole-4,6-dione polymers (PBDTTPD derivatives) was synthesized and tested in a variety of PV device types with vastly different aggregation states of the polymer. In agreement with our hypothesis, the PBDTTPD derivative with a more sterically accessible acceptor moiety and a more sterically hindered donor moiety shows the highest performance in bulk-heterojunction, bilayer, and low-polymer concentration PV devices where fullerene derivatives serve as the electron-accepting materials. Furthermore, external quantum efficiency measurements of the charge-transfer state and solid-state two-dimensional (2D) 13C{1H} heteronuclear correlation (HETCOR) NMR analyses support that a specific polymer:fullerene arrangement is present for the highest performing PBDTTPD derivative, in which the fullerene is in closer proximity to the acceptor moiety of the polymer. This work demonstrates that the polymer:fullerene arrangement and resulting intermolecular interactions may be key factors in determining the performance of OPV material systems. © 2014 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9608-9618
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume136
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 26 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Catalysis

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Importance of the Donor:Fullerene intermolecular arrangement for high-efficiency organic photovoltaics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this