The use of polymeric additives supporting the growth of hybrid halide perovskites has proven to be a successful approach aiming at high quality active layers targeting optoelectronic exploitation. A detailed description of the complex process involving the self-assembly of the precursors into the perovskite crystallites in presence of the polymer is, however, still missing. Here we take starch:CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPbI3) as example of highly performing composite, both in solar cells and light emitting diodes, and study the film formation process through differential scanning calorimetry and in situ time-resolved grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering, performed during spin coating. These measurements reveal that starch beneficially influences the nucleation and growth of the perovskite precursor phase, leading to improved structural properties of the resulting film which turns into higher stability towards environmental conditions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanics of Materials
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering