Implementing and Innovating Marine Monitoring Approaches for Assessing Marine Environmental Status

Roberto Danovaro, Laura Carugati, Marco Berzano, Abigail E. Cahill, Susana Carvalho, Anne Chenuil, Cinzia Corinaldesi, Sonia Cristina, Romain David, Antonio Dell'Anno, Nina Dzhembekova, Esther Garcés, Joseph M. Gasol, Priscila Goela, Jean-Pierre Féral, Isabel Ferrera, Rodney M. Forster, Andrey A. Kurekin, Eugenio Rastelli, Veselka MarinovaPeter I. Miller, Snejana Moncheva, Alice Newton, John K. Pearman, Sophie G. Pitois, Albert Reñé, Naiara Rodríguez-Ezpeleta, Vincenzo Saggiomo, Stefan G. H. Simis, Kremena Stefanova, Christian Wilson, Marco Lo Martire, Silvestro Greco, Sabine K. J. Cochrane, Olga Mangoni, Angel Borja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations

Abstract

Marine environmental monitoring has tended to focus on site-specific methods of investigation. These traditional methods have low spatial and temporal resolution and are relatively labor intensive per unit area/time that they cover. To implement the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), European Member States are required to improve marine monitoring and design monitoring networks. This can be achieved by developing and testing innovative and cost-effective monitoring systems, as well as indicators of environmental status. Here, we present several recently developed methodologies and technologies to improve marine biodiversity indicators and monitoring methods. The innovative tools are discussed concerning the technologies presently utilized as well as the advantages and disadvantages of their use in routine monitoring. In particular, the present analysis focuses on: (i) molecular approaches, including microarray, Real Time quantitative PCR (qPCR), and metagenetic (metabarcoding) tools; (ii) optical (remote) sensing and acoustic methods; and (iii) in situ monitoring instruments. We also discuss their applications in marine monitoring within the MSFD through the analysis of case studies in order to evaluate their potential utilization in future routine marine monitoring. We show that these recently-developed technologies can present clear advantages in accuracy, efficiency and cost.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFrontiers in Marine Science
Volume3
Issue numberNOV
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 23 2016

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