Imaging near-surface heterogeneities by natural migration of backscattered surface waves: Field data test

Zhaolun Liu, Abdullah AlTheyab, Sherif M. Hanafy, Gerard T. Schuster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have developed a methodology for detecting the presence of near-surface heterogeneities by naturally migrating backscattered surface waves in controlled-source data. The near-surface heterogeneities must be located within a depth of approximately one-third the dominant wavelength λ of the strong surface-wave arrivals. This natural migration method does not require knowledge of the near-surface phase-velocity distribution because it uses the recorded data to approximate the Green’s functions for migration. Prior to migration, the backscattered data are separated from the original records, and the band-passed filtered data are migrated to give an estimate of the migration image at a depth of approximately one-third λ. Each band-passed data set gives a migration image at a different depth. Results with synthetic data and field data recorded over known faults validate the effectiveness of this method. Migrating the surface waves in recorded 2D and 3D data sets accurately reveals the locations of known faults. The limitation of this method is that it requires a dense array of receivers with a geophone interval less than approximately one-half λ.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S197-S205
Number of pages1
JournalGEOPHYSICS
Volume82
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 6 2017

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