Ignition delay measurements of straight run naphtha

Mohammed AlAbbad, Gani Issayev, Binod Giri, Jihad Badra, Alex Voice, Yu Zhang, Tom Tzanetakis, Khalil Djebbi, Malik Abdulwahab, Ahfaz Ahmed, Subram Sarathy, Aamir Farooq*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Experiments and surrogate modeling have been preformed to assess the ignition characteristics of naphtha for its use in advance engines. Naphtha, which has low octane number, is proposed as a promising fuel for advanced compression ignition (CI) engines. In this work, Ignition delay times of Haltermann straight run naphtha (HSRN) were measured over wide ranges of pressures (20 and 60 bar), temperatures (620 - 1250 K) and equivalence ratios (0.5, 1 and 2). The naphtha used in this work has research octane number (RON) of 60 and motor octane number (MON) of 58.3. Our experimental data are compared with simulated ignition delay times of three surrogates: primary reference fuel (PRF), toluene primary reference fuel (TPRF), and six-components surrogate. Experimental and simulated ignition delays of the three surrogates show good agreement at high and intermediate temperatures. However, at low temperatures, the multi-component surrogate performs much better than the other two simpler surrogates in capturing the reactivity trends of HSRN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Event10th U.S. National Combustion Meeting - College Park, United States
Duration: Apr 23 2017Apr 26 2017


Conference10th U.S. National Combustion Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityCollege Park


  • Ignition delay
  • Naphtha
  • Rapid compression machine
  • Shock tube

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Mechanical Engineering

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