Identification of novel long noncoding RNAs underlying vertebrate cardiovascular development

Leo Kurian, Aitor Aguirre, Ignacio Sancho-Martinez, Christopher Benner, Tomoaki Hishida, Thai B. Nguyen, Pradeep Reddy, Emmanuel Nivet, Marie N. Krause, David A. Nelles, Concepcion Rodriguez Esteban, Josep M. Campistol, Gene W. Yeo, Juan Carlos Izpisua Belmonte*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

145 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background - Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as critical epigenetic regulators with important functions in development and disease. Here, we sought to identify and functionally characterize novel lncRNAs critical for vertebrate development. Methods and Results - By relying on human pluripotent stem cell differentiation models, we investigated lncRNAs differentially regulated at key steps during human cardiovascular development with a special focus on vascular endothelial cells. RNA sequencing led to the generation of large data sets that serve as a gene expression roadmap highlighting gene expression changes during human pluripotent cell differentiation. Stage-specific analyses led to the identification of 3 previously uncharacterized lncRNAs, TERMINATOR, ALIEN, and PUNISHER, specifically expressed in undifferentiated pluripotent stem cells, cardiovascular progenitors, and differentiated endothelial cells, respectively. Functional characterization, including localization studies, dynamic expression analyses, epigenetic modification monitoring, and knockdown experiments in lower vertebrates, as well as murine embryos and human cells, confirmed a critical role for each lncRNA specific for each analyzed developmental stage. Conclusions - We have identified and functionally characterized 3 novel lncRNAs involved in vertebrate and human cardiovascular development, and we provide a comprehensive transcriptomic roadmap that sheds new light on the molecular mechanisms underlying human embryonic development, mesodermal commitment, and cardiovascular specification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1278-1290
Number of pages13
JournalCirculation
Volume131
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular system
  • Growth and development
  • RNA, long noncoding
  • Transcriptome
  • Vertebrates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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