Hypervalent Compounds as Ligands: I 3 -Anion Adducts with Transition Metal Pentacarbonyls

Andrey Yu. Rogachev, Roald Hoffmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Just a couple of transition metal complexes of the familiar triiodide anion are known. To investigate the bonding in these, as well as isomeric possibilities, we examined theoretically adducts of I3 - with model organometallic fragments, [Cr(CO)5] and [Mn(CO) 5]+. Bonding energy computations were augmented by a Natural Bond Orbital (NBO) perturbation theory analysis and Energy Decomposition Analysis (EDA). The bonding between I3 - and the organometallic fragment is substantial, especially for the electrostatically driven anion-cation case. "End-on" coordination is favored by 5-13 kcal/mol over "side-on" (to the central I of I3 -), with a ∼10 kcal/mol barrier for isomerization. A developing asymmetry in the I-I bonding of "end-on" coordinated I 3 - led us to consider in some detail the obvious fragmentation to a coordinated I- and free I2. While the signs of incipient fragmentation in that direction are there, these is a definite advantage to maintaining some I- to I2 bonding in triiodide complexes. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7161-7171
Number of pages11
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume52
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - May 31 2013
Externally publishedYes

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