Hydrothermal synthesis of p-type nanocrystalline NiO nanoplates for high response and low concentration hydrogen gas sensor application

Umesh T. Nakate, Gun Hee Lee, Rafiq Ahmad, Pramila Patil, Dhanaji P. Bhopate, Y.B. Hahn, Y.T. Yu, Eun-kyung Suh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

High quality nanocrystalline NiO nanoplates were synthesized using surfactant and template free hydrothermal route. The gas sensing properties of NiO nanoplates were investigated. The nanoplates morphology of NiO with average thickness ~20 nm and diameter ~100 nm has been confirmed by FE-SEM and TEM. Crystalline quality of NiO has been studied using HRTEM and SAED techniques. Structural properties and elemental compositions have been analysed by XRD and energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) respectively. The detailed investigation of structural parameters has been carried out. The optical properties of NiO were analyzed from UV-Visible and photoluminescence spectra. NiO nanoplates have good selectivity towards hydrogen (H2) gas. The lowest H2 response of 3% was observed at 2 ppm, whereas 90% response was noted for 100 ppm at optimized temperature of 200 °C with response time 180 s. The H2 responses as functions of different operating temperature as well as gas concentrations have been studied along with sensor stability. The hydrogen sensing mechanism was also elucidated.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15721-15729
Number of pages9
JournalCeramics International
Volume44
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - May 30 2018

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