Hydrogen separation and purification in membranes of miscible polymer blends with interpenetration networks

Seyed Saeid Hosseini, May May Teoh, Tai-Shung Chung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

170 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study demonstrates the successful implications of blending technique cum chemical modification for the fabrication of high performance polymeric membranes for gas separation applications. The effect of variation in composition on miscibility and microstructure, gas permeability and selectivity of blend membranes is investigated. It is found that augmentation in PBI composition results in enhancement in gas separation performance of membranes which is attributed mainly to the effect of diffusivity selectivity. Analysis of the microstructure of membranes confirms the variations in chain packing density, d-spacing and segmental mobility of polymer chains as a result of blending. Separation performance of membranes is further ameliorated through chemical modification of blend constituents. Modification of PBI phase with p-xylene dichloride brings about slight improvements in selectivity performance, especially for H2/CO2 and H2/N2. In contrast, the selectivity of membranes is improved significantly after cross-linking of Matrimid phase with p-xylene diamine. The results indicate that higher tendency of Matrimid toward cross-linking reaction contributes more in controlling the transport properties of membranes through diffusion coefficient by increase in chain packing density and diminishing the excess free volumes. Results obtained in this study reveal the promising features of developed membranes for gas separation applications with great potential for hydrogen separation and purification on industrial scale.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1594-1603
Number of pages10
JournalPolymer
Volume49
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 17 2008

Keywords

  • Hydrogen separation
  • Polybenzimidazole
  • Polymer blending

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

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