Energy & fresh water have both become scarce resources in the modern era of human society. Sorption-based technology is an environmentally friendly and energy-efficient method that can be driven by low-grade energy to transfer energy and produce fresh water. Here, we report a solid sorbent, fabricated by encapsulating hygroscopic salt: lithium chloride (LiCl) inside the micro-size hollow-structured SiO2. This composite sorbent (LiCl@HS) possesses 6 times faster water vapor sorption kinetics than pure LiCl, and a water vapor sorption capacity of 1.7 kg/kg at a relative humidity (RH) of 50%, which is the highest ever reported by any solid sorbent in literature. Low regeneration temperature (< 80 °C) and good cycling stability ensure the feasibility of the composite sorbent to be used in practical applications. The thermodynamic calculations reveal that the sorbent is able to continuously supply 20 °C temperature lift with a maximum coefficient of performance (COP) for cooling of 0.97 and COP for heating of 1.89 while simultaneously producing 9.05 kg potable water per kilogram sorbent daily using seawater as source water and solar energy as a sole energy source. A homemade system is developed and successfully verifies its practical performance in providing seasonally switchable heating and cooling along with clean water production from source water with an impaired quality, indicating its great potential.