Highly permeable and aging resistant 3D architecture from polymers of intrinsic microporosity incorporated with beta-cyclodextrin

Jiangtao Liu, Youchang Xiao, Kuo Sung Liao, Tai-Shung Chung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

The polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIM) incorporated with beta-cyclodextrin (β-CD) (referred to as PIM-CD) are prepared to investigate the effects of unique 3-dimensional (3D) hollow bowl structure of β-CD on gas separation performance and physical aging behavior. Compared with the pristine PIM membrane, the permeability of PIM-CD membranes increases with an increase in β-CD loading. Pure gas permeation tests reveal that the incorporation of a very small amount of β-CD into the PIM matrix can significantly enhance the CO2 permeability from 3368 to 8812 barrer, an increase of 162%, without too much sacrifice of gas selectivity. The gas separation performance of PIM-CD membranes can surpass the Robeson upper bound lines for almost all of the gases. Analyses from positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy and wide angles x-ray diffraction confirm that the β-CD incorporation brings PIM-CD membranes with bigger micro-pores and higher fractional free volume, resulting in a higher gas permeability. In addition, the interactions between β-CD and PIM can restrict chain movement and make ultra-fine micro-pores difficult to collapse. Thus the PIM-CD membranes exhibit much greater resistance to physical aging than PIM membrane. These results may open up new avenues for molecular design of 3D architecture CD-based membranes for gas separation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-102
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume523
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

Keywords

  • 3D architecture
  • Cyclodextrin
  • Gas separation
  • Physical aging
  • Polymers of intrinsic microporosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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