High-temperature synthesis of stable ordered mesoporous silica materials by using fluorocarbon-hydrocarbon surfactant mixtures

Defeng Li, Yu Han, Jianigwei Song, Lan Zhao, Xianzhu Xu, Yan Di, Feng Shou Xiao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

Highly ordered hexagonal mesoporous silica materials (JLU-20) with uniform pore sizes have been successfully synthesized at high temperature (150-220°C) by using fluorocarbon-hydrocarbon surfactant mixtures. The fluorocarbon-hydrocarbon surfactant mixtures combine the advantages of both stable fluorocarbon surfactants and ordered hydrocarbon surfactants, giving ordered and stable mixed micelles at high temperature (150-220°C). Mesoporous JLU-20 shows extraordinary stability towards hydrothermal treatment (100% steam at 800°C for 2 h or boiling water for 80 h), thermal treatment (calcination at 1000°C for 4 h), and toward mechanical treatment (compressed at 740 MPa). Transmission electron microscopy images of JLU-20 show well-ordered hexagonal arrays of mesopores with one-dimensional (ID) channels and further confirm that JLU-20 has a two-dimensional (2D) hexagonal (P6mm) mesostructure. 29Si HR MAS NMR spectra of assynthesized JLU-20 shows that JLU-20 is primarily made up of fully condensed Q4 silica units (δ = -112 ppm) with a small contribution from incompletely cross-linked Q3 (δ = -102 ppm) as deduced from the very high Q 4/Q3 ratio of 6.5, indicating that the mesoporous walls of JLU-20 are fully condensed. Such unique structural features should be directly attributed to the high-temperature synthesis, which is responsible for the observed high thermal, hydrothermal, and mechanical stability of the mesoporous silica materials with well-ordered hexagonal symmetry. Furthermore, the concept of "high-temperature synthesis" is successfully extended to the preparation of three-dimensional (3D) cubic mesoporous silica materials by the assistance of a fluorocarbon surfactant as a co-template. The obtained material, designated JLU-21, has a well-ordered cubic Im3m mesostructure with fully condensed pore walls and shows unusually high hydrothermal stability, as compared with conventional cubic mesoporous silica materials such as SBA-16.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5911-5922
Number of pages12
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume10
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 19 2004

Keywords

  • High-temperature synthesis
  • Hydrothermal stability
  • Mechanical stability
  • Mesoporous materials
  • Surfactants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Organic Chemistry

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