High-temperature Fischer-Tropsch synthesis over FeTi mixed oxide model catalysts: Tailoring activity and stability by varying the Ti/Fe ratio

Vera P. Santos*, Liam Borges, Sina Sartipi, Bart van der Linden, A. Iulian Dugulan, Adam Chojecki, Thomas Davidian, Matthijs Ruitenbeek, Garry R. Meima, Freek Kapteijn, Michiel Makkee, Jorge Gascon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

A series of Fe-Ti mixed oxide model catalysts containing different Ti/Fe ratios were synthesized and applied as catalysts for the High Temperature Fischer-Tropsch reaction (HTFTS). XRD, H2-TPR and in situ Mössbauer and XAFS spectroscopy were applied to evaluate the role of Ti on the physical and chemical properties of Fe within the mixed metal oxide. It was observed that the Ti/Fe ratio determines the relative amounts of hematite, pseudobrookite, and anatase in the starting materials. The interplay between these phases is responsible for the HTFTS catalytic performance. Our results demonstrate that the presence of pseudobrookite: i) enhances the dispersion of iron; ii) mediates and controls the reduction and carburization degree during the transformation of Fe (III) species to carbides upon activation, and iii) increases the stability under HTFTS conditions by minimizing the re-oxidation of iron carbides. Highest catalytic activity and stability is achieved for the material with Ti/Fe ratio of 1/2.1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-48
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume533
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Bulk Fe-based catalysts
  • Carburization
  • Deactivation
  • Fischer-Tropsch
  • Pseudobrookite
  • Reduction
  • Ti/Fe ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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