High-pressure phase behavior of ternary mixtures with ionic liquids, part I: The system bmim[BF4]+4-isobutylacetophenone + CO2

Eliane Kühne, Geert-Jan Witkamp, Cor J. Peters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Performing reactions in a homogeneous system is extremely important for the achievement of high reaction rates and yield. Since carbon dioxide can tune the miscibility of ionic liquid/organic mixtures, measurements on the phase behavior of these systems provide useful information for the selection of operational conditions for reactions and extractions. We investigated the phase behavior of ternary mixtures of the type bmim[BF4] + solute + CO 2, in which the solute is an intermediary in the synthesis of ibuprofen. In this contribution, the influence of carbon dioxide pressure on the location of the homogeneous liquid phase region in the phase diagram of the ternary system bmim[BF4] + 4-isobutylacetophenone + CO2 is presented. We show that for CO2 concentrations above 60 mol%, a narrow three-phase region can be found in the pressure versus temperature diagram, and that a further increase in CO2 composition gradually reduces the extension and influences the location of the one-phase liquid region, finally resulting in its complete disappearance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)929-933
Number of pages5
JournalGreen Chemistry
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution


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