High performance composite hollow fiber membranes for CO2/H 2 and CO2/N2 separation

Hang Zheng Chen, Zhiwei Thong, Pei Li, Tai-Shung Chung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

The search for a clean energy source as well as the reduction of CO 2 emissions to the atmosphere are important strategies to resolve the current energy shortage and global warming issues. We have demonstrated, for the first time, a Pebax/poly(dimethylsiloxane)/polyacrylonitrile (Pebax/PDMS/PAN) composite hollow fiber membrane not only can be used for flue gas treatment but also for hydrogen purification. The composite membranes display attractive gas separation performance with a CO2 permeance of 481.5 GPU, CO2/H2 and CO2/N2 selectivity of 8.1 and 42.0, respectively. Minimizing the solution intrusion using the PDMS gutter layer is the key to achieving the high gas permeance while the interaction between poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) and CO2 accounts for the high selectivity. Effects of coating solution concentration and coating time on gas separation performance have been investigated and the results have been optimized. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first polymeric composite hollow fiber membrane for hydrogen purification. The attractive gas separation performance of the newly developed membranes may indicate good potential for industrial applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5043-5053
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume39
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 26 2014

Keywords

  • Composite hollow fiber membrane
  • Gas separation
  • Pebax
  • Poly(dimethylsiloxane)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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