Generation of multiple excitons in Ag2S quantum dots: Single high-energy versus multiple-photon excitation

Jingya Sun, Weili Yu, Anwar Usman, Tayirjan T. Isimjan, Silvano Del Gobbo, Erkki Alarousu, Kazuhiro Takanabe, Omar F. Mohammed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations

Abstract

We explored biexciton generation via carrier multiplication (or multiple-exciton generation) by high-energy photons and by multiple-photon absorption in Ag2S quantum dots (QDs) using femtosecond broad-band transient absorption spectroscopy. Irrespective of the size of the QDs and how the multiple excitons are generated in the Ag2S QDs, two distinct characteristic time constants of 9.6-10.2 and 135-175 ps are obtained for the nonradiative Auger recombination of the multiple excitons, indicating the existence of two binding excitons, namely, tightly bound and weakly bound excitons. More importantly, the lifetimes of multiple excitons in Ag 2S QDs were about 1 and 2 orders of magnitude longer than those of comparable size PbS QDs and single-walled carbon nanotubes, respectively. This result is significant because it suggests that by utilizing an appropriate electron acceptor, there is a higher possibility to extract multiple electron-hole pairs in Ag2S QDs, which should improve the performance of QD-based solar cell devices. © 2014 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)659-665
Number of pages7
JournalThe Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 31 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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