Generalized Functional Linear Models With Semiparametric Single-Index Interactions

Yehua Li, Naisyin Wang, Raymond J. Carroll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

We introduce a new class of functional generalized linear models, where the response is a scalar and some of the covariates are functional. We assume that the response depends on multiple covariates, a finite number of latent features in the functional predictor, and interaction between the two. To achieve parsimony, the interaction between the multiple covariates and the functional predictor is modeled semiparametrically with a single-index structure. We propose a two step estimation procedure based on local estimating equations, and investigate two situations: (a) when the basis functions are pre-determined, e.g., Fourier or wavelet basis functions and the functional features of interest are known; and (b) when the basis functions are data driven, such as with functional principal components. Asymptotic properties are developed. Notably, we show that when the functional features are data driven, the parameter estimates have an increased asymptotic variance, due to the estimation error of the basis functions. Our methods are illustrated with a simulation study and applied to an empirical data set, where a previously unknown interaction is detected. Technical proofs of our theoretical results are provided in the online supplemental materials.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)621-633
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the American Statistical Association
Volume105
Issue number490
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010
Externally publishedYes

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