Gas transport through homogeneous and asymmetric polyestercarbonate membranes

Ingo Pinnau, Mark W. Hellums, William J. Koros*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Permeabilities, solubilities and diffusivities of N2, O2, CO2 and H2 are reported for a polyestercarbonate at 35°C and 4.4 atm. Constant activation energies of permeation were determined for dense films and defect-free asymmetric polyestercarbonate membranes over a temperature range of 25-55°C. Activation energies of permeation were 10 and 20% higher for N2 and O2, respectively, in the asymmetric membrane samples as compared to the dense films. Permselectivities for the gas pairs O2 N2, H2 N2 and CO2 N2 were found to be higher in the asymmetric membranes compared to those of the dense films. The detailed cause of the higher permselectivities and activation energies in the asymmetric membranes is currently not known. Possible orientation-induced increases in segmental packing density in the asymmetric membrane skin is discussed as a potential explanation for the differences between the asymmetric and dense films.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2612-2617
Number of pages6
JournalPolymer
Volume32
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • activation energy
  • asymmetric membrane
  • gas permeability
  • homogeneous film
  • membrane structure
  • polyestercarbonate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

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