Gas-transport properties of indan-containing polyimides

S. L. Liu*, M. L. Chng, Tai-Shung Chung, K. Goto, S. Tamai, K. P. Pramoda, Y. J. Tong

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

A series of Indian-containing polyimides were synthesized, and their gaspermeation behavior was characterized. The four polyimides used in this study were synthesized from an indan-containing diamine [5,7-diamino-1,1,4,6- tetramethylindan (DAI)] with four dianhydrides [3,3′4,4′- benzophenone tetracarboxylic dianhydride (BTDA), 3,3′4,4′- oxydiphthalic dianhydride (ODPA), (3,3′4,4′-biphenyl tetracarboxylic dianhydride (BPDA), and 2,27prime;-bis(3,4′-dicarboxyphenyl) hexafluoropropane dianhydride (6FDA)]. The gas-permeability coefficients of these four polyimides changed in the following order: DAI-BTDA < DAI-ODPA < DAI-BPDA < DAI-6FDA. This was consistent with the increasing order of the fraction of free volume (FFV). Moreover, the gas-permeability coefficients were almost doubled from DAI-ODPA to DAI-BPDA and from DAI-BPDA to DAI-6FDA, although the FFV differences between the two polyimides were very small. The gas permeability and diffusivity of these indan-containing polyimides increased with temperature, whereas the permselectivity and diffusion selectivity decreased. The activation energies for the permeation and diffusion of O 2, N 2, CH 4, and CO 2 were estimated. In comparison with the gas-permeation behavior of other indan-containing polymers, for these polyimides, very good gas-Permeation performance was found, that is, high gas-permeability coefficients and reasonably high permselectivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2769-2779
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume42
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2004

Keywords

  • Gas permeation
  • Indan structure
  • Membranes
  • Polyimides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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