Gas separation performance of poly(4-vinylpyridine)/polyetherimide composite hollow fibers

Jyh Jeng Shieh, Tai-Shung Chung*, Rong Wang, M. P. Srinivasan, Donald R. Paul

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

The preparation and gas permeation performance (H2, CO2, O2, N2, CH4) of silicone rubber/poly(4-vinylpyridine)/polyetherimide (SR/P4VP/PEI) multi-layer composite hollow fiber membranes are described. Dilute P4VP solutions form a defective coating layer on the top of PEI hollow fiber surface but reduce the surface porosity significantly, which makes the SR plugging feasible to regain the gas permselectivity of P4VP/PEI composite hollow fiber. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) additive in the PEI spinning dopes suppresses the growth of macro-voids and produces a membrane morphology having a more porous skin surface and more compact substructure, which provides a lower skin resistance and a higher substructure resistance for gas permeation. Substantial substructure resistance can deteriorate the membrane performance. Since the unfavorable influence of substructure resistance on the gas permeance is more pronounced for the fast permeating gas and in the order of H2>CO2>O2>N2> CH4, the gas selectivities of H2/N2, CO2/CH4, and O2/N2 decrease accordingly. The PEI hollow fibers prepared from a PEI/PEG/NMP (23/0/77) spinning dope, after coated with 0.2wt.% P4VP and 3wt.% SR coating solutions, have gas permeances of H2=41, CO2=7.4, and O2=2.0 GPU (1 GPU=1×10-6cm3(STP)/cm2-s-cmHg) with selectivities of H2/N2=117, CO2/CH4=62, and O2/N2=5.8.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-123
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume182
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2001

Keywords

  • Gas separation
  • Hollow fiber composite
  • Membrane fabrication
  • Poly(4-vinylpyridine)
  • Polyetherimide
  • Substructure resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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