Gas separation membranes developed through integration of polymer blending and dual-layer hollow fiber spinning process for hydrogen and natural gas enrichments

Seyed Saeid Hosseini, Na Peng, Tai-Shung Chung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article describes the research study on exploitation of polymer blending technology and dual-layer hollow fiber spinning process for the fabrication of a novel class of high performance gas separation membranes. The specific functional material employed for this purpose is a polymer blend constructed of the interpenetrated networks of PBI and Matrimid. It is within the scope of this study to unravel the effect of various key parameters on the microstructural evolution, transport properties and separation performance of the developed hollow fiber membranes. The resultant membranes possess desirable morphological and microstructural characteristics, particularly at the outer functional layer, and are free from any delamination at the interface. Analysis of the membranes suggests that both increase in the air-gap distance and application of elongational drawing have promoting effects on the membranes' permeance. Results also indicate that membranes with H 2 /CO 2 selectivities as high as 11.11 (P H2 = 29.26 GPU) can be obtained through spinning at sufficiently large air-gap distance. On the other hand, inducing the elongational drawing to the nascent fibers offers membranes with CO 2 /CH 4 selectivities as high as 41.81 (P C O2 = 4.81 GPU). Therefore, either of these approaches can be employed for desirable tuning of the membrane's properties to suit the specific application. The variation in outer dope flow rate is identified as another effective technique amenable for tailoring the properties of the hollow fiber membranes. Other findings also show the effectiveness of chemical modification for further enhancing the H 2 /CO 2 separation performance of the membranes. Membranes developed in this research study exhibit a very good resistance toward CO 2 -induced plasticization and have viable potentials for various gas separation applications including hydrogen purification and natural gas separation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-166
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume349
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2010

Keywords

  • Dual-layer hollow fiber
  • Gas separation
  • Hydrogen and natural gas enrichment
  • Membrane separation
  • Plasticization
  • Polymer blends

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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