The sensitivity to CO and H2 of heterocontacts between p-type La2CuO4 and n-type ZnO semiconductors, and of the single oxides, as a comparison, is reported. Heterocontacts are prepared by mechanically pressing sintered pellets of the two oxides. Current-vontage (I-V) characteristics for the heterocontacts, measured in air at temperatures ranging from 25 to 400 °C, show typical p-n diode behaviour, while I-V curves for the single oxides are linear, showing ohmic behaviour. An increase in current, which is bias dependent for the heterocontacts, is observed in correspondence to variations of CO and H2 concentrations. The I-V curves in the presence of reducing gases continue to show rectifying characteristics. The single oxides show little gas sensitivity and slow response times. Heterocontacts show no selectivity to CO, but higher sensitivity to gases than do CuO/ZnO contacts. The highest sensitivities are observed at 400 °C. The response time to H2 is very fast (less than 1 min), while the response time to CO is much slower.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry