Fused ring thiophene-based poly(heteroarylene ethynylene)s for organic solar cells

Raja Ashraf, Jan Gilot, Ren A J Janssen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alternating small band gap π-conjugated polymers consisting of alkylated cyclopentadithiophene or dithienopyrrole units linked via ethynylene bonds to 2,3-diphenylthieno[3,4-b]pyrazine or 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole have been prepared in high yields by Sonogashira condensation polymerization. The copolymers were characterized by NMR, GPC, UVvis, and cyclic voltammetry. In thin films these polymers exhibit an optical band gap of ∼1.46-1.72 eV. In bulk heterojunction solar cells with PCBM as an acceptor these donor polymers provide estimated power conversion efficiencies of 1.34-1.74%. Because of the ethynylene bonds, the polymers lead to the solar cells with a relatively high open circuit voltage (0.72-0.82 V) in relation to the reduced optical band gap, which helps in reducing energy losses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1759-1766
Number of pages8
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Volume94
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010

Keywords

  • Bulk heterojunction
  • Conjugated polymer
  • Low band gap polymers
  • Organic photovoltaics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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