From egg to juvenile in the Bay of Biscay: Spatial patterns of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) recruitment in a non-upwelling region

Xabier Irigoyen*, Unai Cotano, Guillermo Boyra, Maria Santos, Paula Alvarez, Pantxika Otheguy, Egoitz Etxebeste, Andres Uriarte, Luis Ferrer, Leire Ibaibarriaga

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study the spatial distribution of eggs, larvae and juveniles of European anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) was followed in 2004 and 2005 during three consecutive cruises each year in spring-summer to test what the limits of retention are in a non-upwelling area. Eggs, small larvae and large juveniles were mainly distributed over the shelf, whereas large larvae and small juveniles were found mainly off the shelf. Although overall distributions were similar, the 2 yr differed in that there was more of a coastal distribution of individuals in 2004, whereas in 2005 more individuals were found off the shelf. There were no significant differences in the length-weight relationships for individuals found on and off the shelf or between years. The correspondence in circulation patterns and the lack of difference in the length-weight relationships suggest that a single population is present, larvae drifting off the shelf due to currents and returning as mobile juveniles. Quantile regression analysis of the long-term recruitment index suggests that transport off the shelf may favour good recruitments. This would suggest that in non-upwelling regions the retention area resulting in good recruitment may not be restricted to the shelf.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)446-462
Number of pages17
JournalFisheries Oceanography
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2008

Keywords

  • Anchovy
  • Eddy
  • Egg
  • Juveniles
  • Larva Engraulis encrasicolus
  • Recruitment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science

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