Fractional dynamical model for neurovascular coupling

Zehor Belkhatir, Taous-Meriem Laleg-Kirati

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The neurovascular coupling is a key mechanism linking the neural activity to the hemodynamic behavior. Modeling of this coupling is very important to understand the brain function but it is at the same time very complex due to the complexity of the involved phenomena. Many studies have reported a time delay between the neural activity and the cerebral blood flow, which has been described by adding a delay parameter in some of the existing models. An alternative approach is proposed in this paper, where a fractional system is used to model the neurovascular coupling. Thanks to its nonlocal property, a fractional derivative is suitable for modeling the phenomena with delay. The proposed model is coupled with the first version of the well-known balloon model, which relates the cerebral blood flow to the Blood Oxygen Level Dependent (BOLD) signal measured using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI). Through some numerical simulations, the properties of the fractional model are explained and some preliminary comparisons to a real BOLD data set are provided. © 2014 IEEE.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Pages4916-4919
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9781424479290
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

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