Finite frequency traveltime sensitivity kernels for acoustic anisotropic media: Angle dependent bananas

Ramzi Djebbi, Tariq Ali Alkhalifah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anisotropy is an inherent character of the Earth subsurface. It should be considered for modeling and inversion. The acoustic VTI wave equation approximates the wave behavior in anisotropic media, and especially it's kinematic characteristics. To analyze which parts of the model would affect the traveltime for anisotropic traveltime inversion methods, especially for wave equation tomography (WET), we drive the sensitivity kernels for anisotropic media using the VTI acoustic wave equation. A Born scattering approximation is first derived using the Fourier domain acoustic wave equation as a function of perturbations in three anisotropy parameters. Using the instantaneous traveltime, which unwraps the phase, we compute the kernels. These kernels resemble those for isotropic media, with the η kernel directionally dependent. They also have a maximum sensitivity along the geometrical ray, which is more realistic compared to the cross-correlation based kernels. Focusing on diving waves, which is used more often, especially recently in waveform inversion, we show sensitivity kernels in anisotropic media for this case.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts 2013
PublisherSociety of Exploration Geophysicists
Pages4858-4863
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 19 2013

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