Feed-backs between genetic structure and perturbation-driven decline in seagrass (Posidonia oceanica) meadows

Elena Diaz-Almela*, Sophie Arnaud-Haond, Mirjam S. Vliet, Elvira Álvarez, Núria Marbà, Carlos Duarte, Ester A. Serrão

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

We explored the relationships between perturbation-driven population decline and genetic/genotypic structure in the clonal seagrass Posidonia oceanica, subject to intensive meadow regression around four Mediterranean fish-farms, using seven specific microsatellites. Two meadows were randomly sampled (40 shoots) within 1,600 m2 at each site: the "impacted" station, 5-200 m from fish cages, and the "control" station, around 1,000 m downstream further away (considered a proxy of the pre-impact genetic structure at the site). Clonal richness (R), Simpson genotypic diversity (D*) and clonal sub-range (CR) were highly variable among sites. Nevertheless, the maximum distance at which clonal dispersal was detected, indicated by CR, was higher at impacted stations than at the respective control station (paired t-test: P < 0.05, N = 4). The mean number of alleles (Â) and the presence of rare alleles ( r) decreased at impacted stations (paired t-test: P < 0.05, and P < 0.02, respectively, N = 4). At a given perturbation level (quantified by the organic and nutrient loads), shoot mortality at the impacted stations significantly decreased with CR at control stations (R2=0.86, P < 0.05). Seagrass mortality also increased with  (R 2=0.81, P < 0.10), R (R 2=0.96, P < 0.05) and D*(R 2=0.99, P < 0.01) at the control stations, probably because of the negative correlation between those parameters and CR. Therefore, the effects of clonal size structure on meadow resistance could play an important role on meadow survival. Large genotypes of P. oceanica meadows thus seem to resist better to fish farm-derived impacts than little ones. Clonal integration, foraging advantage or other size-related fitness traits could account for this effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1377-1391
Number of pages15
JournalConservation Genetics
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

Keywords

  • Clonal sub-range
  • Fish-farm impacts
  • Genetic diversity
  • Genotypic diversity
  • Population decline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Genetics

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