Fast, wafer-scale growth of a nanometer-thick graphite film on Ni foil and its structural analysis.

Geetanjali Deokar, Alessandro Genovese, Pedro M. F. J. Da Costa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The growth of graphite on polycrystalline Ni by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and the microstructural relation of the graphitic films and the metallic substrate continues to puzzle the scientific community. Here, we report the wafer-scale growth of a nanometer-thick graphite film (~100 nm, NGF) on Ni foil via a fast-thermal CVD approach (5 min growth). Moreover, we shed light on how localized thickness variations of the NGF relate to the Ni surface topography and grain characteristics. While on a macro-scale (mm2), the NGF film looks uniform - with a few hundreds of highly ordered graphene layers (d0002 = 0.335 nm), when studied at the micro- and nano-scales, few-layer graphene sections can be identified. These are present at a density of 0.1-3% areas in 100 µm2, can be as thin as two layers, and follow an epitaxial relation with the [111] fcc-Ni planes. Throughout the 50 cm2 NGF, the sharp graphite/substrate interfaces are either composed of a couple of NiCx layers or a graphene layer. Moreover, the NGF was successfully transferred on SiO2/Si substrate by a wet chemical etching method. The as-produced NGFs could complement or offer an alternative to the mm-thick films produced from natural graphite flakes or polymer sheets.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNanotechnology
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 18 2020

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