Exploratory development of dual-layer carbon-zeolite nanocomposite hollow fiber membranes with high performance for oxygen enrichment and natural gas separation

Yi Li, Tai-Shung Chung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

A type of novel precursor, namely dual-layer polyethersulfone (PES)-zeolite beta/BTDA-TDI/MDI co-polyimide (P84) composite hollow fibers, was applied to fabricate the dual-layer carbon-zeolite nanocomposite hollow fiber membranes through pyrolysis in this work. After pyrolysis at 800 °C, these newly developed nanocomposite hollow fibers exhibit a significantly enhanced O2/N2 and CO2/CH4 selectivity of 11.3 and 152, respectively, in the pure gas measurement, and meanwhile, they also show a comparable CO2/CH4 selectivity of 140 in the mixed gas measurement. TGA curves indicate that the presence of zeolite beta may assist the formation of carbon-zeolite nanocomposite structure in the outer layer and both outer layer and inner layer inside the dual-layer hollow fibers may experience a delayed decomposition pattern during pyrolysis compared with their corresponding single-layer membranes. After pyrolysis at 800 °C, X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns suggest that the monolayer graphite sheets have been formed in the outer-layer carbon matrix with a d-space of 3.73 Å, scanning electron microscope (SEM) images reveal a uniform and compact dispersion of zeolite particles in the outer-layer carbon matrix, and both XRD patterns and energy dispersion of X-ray (EDX) data demonstrate the integrity of zeolite beta by an analysis of the crystalline structure and elemental composition. These above-mentioned characterizations support a conjecture from various aspects that a combining effect of carbon molecular sieve (CMS) and zeolite materials results in a remarkable improvement of dual-layer hollow fiber membranes in the performance of oxygen enrichment and natural gas separation through the molecular sieving mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-324
Number of pages10
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Volume113
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2008

Keywords

  • Carbon-zeolite nanocomposite
  • Dual-layer hollow fiber membranes
  • Molecular sieving mechanism
  • Natural gas separation
  • Oxygen enrichment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials

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