## Abstract

The anisotropic behaviour of density-gradient fluctuations in stably stratified grid turbulence and the consequences for simplified (isotropic) estimates of scalar dissipation rates χ were experimentally studied in a thermally stratified wind tunnel at moderate Reynolds numbers (Re_{λ} ≃ 20). Strong stable stratifications were attained, with Brunt-Väisälä frequency N as high as 4 rad s^{-1}. The correlation method was used to estimate the mean-square cross-stream and streamwise density gradients. Cross-stream gradients were measured using two cold wires. The mean-square vertical gradients were found to become larger than the streamwise gradients by as much as a factor of 2.2 for the largest dimensionless buoyancy times (Nt = 7). This corresponds to a 40% error in the scalar dissipation estimates based on ∂θ/∂x alone, and assuming the validity of the isotropic relations. Gradient spectral relations show that this buoyancy-induced anisotropy persists at all length scales. Better closure of the scalar variance balance was attained than in previously reported measurements by other researchers. This is attributed to our use of cold-wire temperature sensors having larger length-to-diameter ratio than used in the previous measurements.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 383-409 |

Number of pages | 27 |

Journal | Journal of Fluid Mechanics |

Volume | 322 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Sep 10 1996 |

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering