By applying the numerically accurate symmetrized density-matrix renormalization-group method coupled with the extended Hubbard-Peierls model, we find that (i) the on-site Hubbard repulsion energy U dramatically reduces the binding energy of the lowest optically allowed (Formula presented) exciton; (ii) in the zero-dimerization limit, there exists a critical value of V at which the (Formula presented) exciton becomes bound; the critical value (Formula presented) is fully in agreement with the recent analytical results at the infinite-U limit by Gallagher and Mazumdar [Phys. Rev. B 56, 15 025 (1997)], furthermore, this critical value decreases appreciably for weaker on-site correlation strengths, when the dimerization amplitude (Formula presented) is nonzero. The present accurate numerical results contradict those obtained recently by Yu, Saxena, and Bishop [Phys. Rev. B 56, 3697 (1997)] both qualitatively and quantitatively. We also present first-order perturbation plus random-phase-approximation and single configuration-interaction analyses to rationalize the numerical calculations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics