TY - JOUR

T1 - Evidence for Truncated Exponential Probability Distribution of Earthquake Slip

AU - Thingbaijam, Kiran Kumar

AU - Mai, Paul Martin

N1 - KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): BAS/1339-01-01, URF/1/2160-01-01
Acknowledgements: We thank all contributors to the SRCMOD database and all the participants of the Source Inversion Validation (SIV) project. M. Galis and J. Vyas are acknowledged for helpful discussions. We also thank S. Wesnousky and O. Zielke for reviewing an early version of the article. Careful and constructive comments by Associate Editor T. Pratt and two anonymous reviewers helped to improve the article. Research reported in this publication is supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), baseline funding BAS/1339-01-01 and Competitive Research Grant URF/1/2160-01-01.

PY - 2016/7/12

Y1 - 2016/7/12

N2 - Earthquake ruptures comprise spatially varying slip on the fault surface, where slip represents the displacement discontinuity between the two sides of the rupture plane. In this study, we analyze the probability distribution of coseismic slip, which provides important information to better understand earthquake source physics. Although the probability distribution of slip is crucial for generating realistic rupture scenarios for simulation-based seismic and tsunami-hazard analysis, the statistical properties of earthquake slip have received limited attention so far. Here, we use the online database of earthquake source models (SRCMOD) to show that the probability distribution of slip follows the truncated exponential law. This law agrees with rupture-specific physical constraints limiting the maximum possible slip on the fault, similar to physical constraints on maximum earthquake magnitudes.We show the parameters of the best-fitting truncated exponential distribution scale with average coseismic slip. This scaling property reflects the control of the underlying stress distribution and fault strength on the rupture dimensions, which determines the average slip. Thus, the scale-dependent behavior of slip heterogeneity is captured by the probability distribution of slip. We conclude that the truncated exponential law accurately quantifies coseismic slip distribution and therefore allows for more realistic modeling of rupture scenarios. © 2016, Seismological Society of America. All rights reserverd.

AB - Earthquake ruptures comprise spatially varying slip on the fault surface, where slip represents the displacement discontinuity between the two sides of the rupture plane. In this study, we analyze the probability distribution of coseismic slip, which provides important information to better understand earthquake source physics. Although the probability distribution of slip is crucial for generating realistic rupture scenarios for simulation-based seismic and tsunami-hazard analysis, the statistical properties of earthquake slip have received limited attention so far. Here, we use the online database of earthquake source models (SRCMOD) to show that the probability distribution of slip follows the truncated exponential law. This law agrees with rupture-specific physical constraints limiting the maximum possible slip on the fault, similar to physical constraints on maximum earthquake magnitudes.We show the parameters of the best-fitting truncated exponential distribution scale with average coseismic slip. This scaling property reflects the control of the underlying stress distribution and fault strength on the rupture dimensions, which determines the average slip. Thus, the scale-dependent behavior of slip heterogeneity is captured by the probability distribution of slip. We conclude that the truncated exponential law accurately quantifies coseismic slip distribution and therefore allows for more realistic modeling of rupture scenarios. © 2016, Seismological Society of America. All rights reserverd.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10754/621545

UR - http://www.crossref.org/iPage?doi=10.1785%2F0120150291

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84982292585&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1785/0120150291

DO - 10.1785/0120150291

M3 - Article

VL - 106

SP - 1802

EP - 1816

JO - Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America

JF - Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America

SN - 0037-1106

IS - 4

ER -