Estimation of the net surface heat flux in the Arabian Gulf based on the equilibrium temperature

Yasser Omar Abualnaja*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The concept of equilibrium temperature provides a direct and easy method to estimate the net heat flux at the air-sea interface compared to the conventional methods where the net surface heat flux is determined based on the balance of incoming solar radiation, net back radiation flux, sensible heat exchange, and the evaporative heat flux. In the northern part of Arabian Gulf the sea surface temperature is higher than the equilibrium temperature indicating a net loss of heat, whereas in the southern part the sea surface temperature is lower than the equilibrium temperature resulting in the net gain of heat at the airsea interface. The net surface heat flux at the air-sea interface for the Arabian Gulf as a whole is 8 W/m 2. This gain of heat in the Arabian Gulf will be dispersed in the water column and then out through the Strait of Hormuz.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-29
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of King Abdulaziz University, Marine Science
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arabian gulf
  • Equilibrium temperature
  • Net surface heat flux
  • Thermal exchange coefficient

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology

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