Estimation of Heat Source Term and Thermal Diffusion in Tokamak Plasmas Using a Kalman Filtering Method in the Early Lumping Approach

Sarra Mechhoud, Emmanuel Witrant, Luc Dugard, Didier Moreau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, early lumping estimation of space-time varying diffusion coefficient and source term for a nonhomogeneous linear parabolic partial differential equation (PDE) describing tokamak plasma heat transport is considered. The analysis of this PDE is achieved in a finite-dimensional framework using the cubic b-splines finite element method with the Galerkin formulation. This leads to a finite-dimensional linear time-varying state-space model with unknown parameters and inputs. The extended Kalman filter with unknown inputs without direct feedthrough (EKF-UI-WDF) is applied to simultaneously estimate the unknown parameters and inputs and an adaptive fading memory coefficient is introduced in the EKF-UI-WDF, to deal with time varying parameters. Conditions under which the direct problem is well posed and the reduced order model converges to the initial one are established. In silico and real data simulations are provided to evaluate the performances of the proposed technique.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)449-463
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2015

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