Enhancing the Near-Surface Image Using Duplex-Wave Reverse Time Migration

Ghada Sindi, Tariq Ali Alkhalifah, Tong Fei, Yi Luo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Reverse time migration (RTM) involves zero-lag cross-correlation of forward extrapolated source function wavefields and backward extrapolated receiver wavefields. For a near surface with complex structures and velocity anomalies, forward propagating the source wavelet generates wavefields containing reflections, near-surface multiples, and scattered direct arrivals. The wavefields are recorded as upgoing arrivals contaminated by the same reflections, near-surface multiples, and scattered signals, which can be critical for imaging near-surface structures and scatterers. Here, we develop a new depth migration, duplex reverse time migration (DRTM) technique to improve imaging of complex near-surface structures. DRTM uses the direct arrival as a source to forward propagate and generate source wavefields, and reversely extrapolated recorded data in a zero-lag cross-correlation imaging condition to generate the final section. The interaction between the data components during cross- correlation can use primaries and multiples to image the near-surface structure correctly. Cross-talk artifacts may exist, but they are comparatively weak. DRTM is demonstrated on both synthetic and field data examples showing an enhanced image in areas with complex near-surface structures compared to conventional RTM imaging methods. The new algorithm can significantly enhance shallow imaging without additional computation costs compared with conventional RTM. It can produce an image with higher resolution and signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio by replacing the source wavelet with the recorded direct arrivals, which include near-surface information necessary to boost the image in areas with near-surface complexity. Since the direct arrivals are one of the most energetic events recorded, the resultant image is typically of high S/N. The wave can also illuminate shallow zones better than primaries in marine environments.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSPE Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Conference
PublisherSociety of Petroleum Engineers (SPE)
ISBN (Print)9781613996393
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2019

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