Enhancing Fullerene-Based Solar Cell Lifetimes by Addition of a Fullerene Dumbbell

Bob C. Schroeder, Zhe Li, Michael A. Brady, Gregõrio Couto Faria, Raja Shahid Ashraf, Christopher J. Takacs, John S. Cowart, Duc T. Duong, Kar Ho Chiu, Ching Hong Tan, João T. Cabral, Alberto Salleo, Michael L. Chabinyc, James R. Durrant, Iain McCulloch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cost-effective, solution-processable organic photovoltaics (OPV) present an interesting alternative to inorganic silicon-based solar cells. However, one of the major remaining challenges of OPV devices is their lack of long-term operational stability, especially at elevated temperatures. The synthesis of a fullerene dumbbell and its use as an additive in the active layer of a PCDTBT:PCBM-based OPV device is reported. The addition of only 20 % of this novel fullerene not only leads to improved device efficiencies, but more importantly also to a dramatic increase in morphological stability under simulated operating conditions. Dynamic secondary ion mass spectrometry (DSIMS) and TEM are used, amongst other techniques, to elucidate the origins of the improved morphological stability. Fullerene dumbbells: Long-term operational stability of organic photovoltaics remains a challenge, especially at high temperatures. A novel fullerene dumbbell was synthesized and used as an additive in the active layer. The addition of the dumbbell not only leads to improved device efficiencies, but also to a dramatic increase in morphological stability (see picture) under simulated operating conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12870-12875
Number of pages6
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Volume53
Issue number47
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014

Keywords

  • fullerenes
  • lifetime
  • organic solar cells
  • photovoltaics
  • stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

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