Enhancement of flame development by microwave-assisted spark ignition in constant volume combustion chamber

Benjamin Wolk, Anthony DeFilippo, Jyh-Yuan Chen, Robert W. Dibble, Atsushi Nishiyama, Yuji Ikeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations

Abstract

The enhancement of laminar flame development using microwave-assisted spark ignition has been investigated for methane-air mixtures at a range of initial pressures and equivalence ratios in a 1.45. l constant volume combustion chamber. Microwave enhancement was evaluated on the basis of several parameters including flame development time (FDT) (time for 0-10% of total net heat release), flame rise time (FRT) (time for 10-90% of total net heat release), total net heat release, flame kernel growth rate, flame kernel size, and ignitability limit extension. Compared to a capacitive discharge spark, microwave-assisted spark ignition extended the lean and rich ignition limits at all pressures investigated (1.08-7.22. bar). The addition of microwaves to a capacitive discharge spark reduced FDT and increased the flame kernel size for all equivalence ratios tested and resulted in increases in the spatial flame speed for sufficiently lean flames. Flame enhancement is believed to be caused by (1) a non-thermal chemical kinetic enhancement from energy deposition to free electrons in the flame front and (2) induced flame wrinkling from excitation of flame (plasma) instability. The enhancement of flame development by microwaves diminishes as the initial pressure of the mixture increases, with negligible flame enhancement observed above 3. bar. © 2013 The Combustion Institute.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1225-1234
Number of pages10
JournalCombustion and Flame
Volume160
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013
Externally publishedYes

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