Engineering Band-Type Alignment in CsPbBr 3 Perovskite-Based Artificial Multiple Quantum Wells

Kwangjae Lee, Noor A. Merdad, Partha Maity, Jehad K. El-Demellawi, Zhixiong Lui, Lutfan Sinatra, Ayan A. Zhumekenov, Mohamed N. Hedhili, Jung-Wook Min, Jung-Hong Min, Luis Gutiérrez-Arzaluz, Dalaver H. Anjum, Nini Wei, Boon S. Ooi, Husam N. Alshareef, Omar F. Mohammed, Osman Bakr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Semiconductor heterostructures of multiple quantum wells (MQWs) have major applications in optoelectronics. However, for halide perovskites—the leading class of emerging semiconductors—building a variety of bandgap alignments (i.e., band-types) in MQWs is not yet realized owing to the limitations of the current set of used barrier materials. Here, artificial perovskite-based MQWs using 2,2′,2″-(1,3,5-benzinetriyl)-tris(1-phenyl-1-H-benzimidazole), tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline)aluminum, and 2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline as quantum barrier materials are introduced. The structures of three different five-stacked perovskite-based MQWs each exhibiting a different band offset with CsPbBr3 in the conduction and valence bands, resulting in a variety of MQW band alignments, i.e., type-I or type-II structures, are shown. Transient absorption spectroscopy reveals the disparity in charge carrier dynamics between type-I and type-II MQWs. Photodiodes of each type of perovskite artificial MQWs show entirely different carrier behaviors and photoresponse characteristics. Compared with bulk perovskite devices, type-II MQW photodiodes demonstrate a more than tenfold increase in the rectification ratio. The findings open new opportunities for producing halide-perovskite-based quantum devices by bandgap engineering using simple quantum barrier considerations.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2005166
JournalAdvanced Materials
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 24 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

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