Poor CO2 displacement efficiency can exacerbate hydro-chemo-mechanically coupled phenomena in CO2 storage reservoirs, increase the area affected by CO2 in the reservoir, and negatively impact the long-term geological storage of CO2. The injection of CO2 can be engineered using surfactants to improve displacement efficiency. Pendant and sessile drop tests show that a surfonic copolymer decreases the interfacial tension γfl and increases the contact angle θ under reservoir conditions. The combined changes in surface tension and contact angle have a pronounced effect on the capillary factor γfl·cosθ. Injection tests using micro-models and pore network simulations show that a smaller capillary factor transforms the displacement pattern and enhances the pore-scale sweep efficiency of CO2, surpassing 40% in 2-D applications. Surfactant cost may offset the technical advantages identified in this study.
- Carbon dioxide
- Engineered injection
- Interfacial tension
- Sweep efficiency
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law