In this paper, using Pao's conjecture [Y.-H. Pao, Phys. Fluids 8, 1063 (1965)10.1063/1.1761356], we derive expressions for the spectra and fluxes of kinetic energy and enstrophy for two-dimensional (2D) forced turbulence that extend beyond the inertial range. In these expressions, the fluxes and the spectra contain additional factors of the exponential form. To validate these model predictions, we perform numerical simulations of 2D turbulence with external force applied at wavenumber band (kf,kf+1) in the intermediate range. The numerical results match with the model predictions, except for the energy and enstrophy fluxes for k
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: We thank Manohar Sharma for useful discussions and Shaswant Bhattacharya for comments on the manuscript. Our numerical simulations were performed on Shaheen II at the Kaust supercomputing laboratory, Saudi Arabia, under the project k1052. This work was supported by Research Grant No. PLANEX/PHY/2015239 from the Indian Space Research Organisation, India; by the Indo-Russian project INT/RUS/RSF/P-03 from the Department of Science and Technology, India; and by the IITK institute postdoctoral fellowship to A.G.