Enclave-based privacy-preserving alignment of raw genomic information - Information leakage and countermeasures

Marcus Völp, Jérémie Decouchant, Christoph Lambert, Maria Fernandes, Paulo Esteves-Verissimo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent breakthroughs in genomic sequencing led to an enormous increase of DNA sampling rates, which in turn favored the use of clouds to efficiently process huge amounts of genomic data. However, while allowing possible achievements in personalized medicine and related areas, cloud-based processing of genomic information also entails significant privacy risks, asking for increased protection. In this paper, we focus on the first, but also most data-intensive, processing step of the genomics information processing pipeline: The alignment of raw genomic data samples (called reads) to a synthetic human reference genome. Even though privacypreserving alignment solutions (e.g., based on homomorphic encryption) have been proposed, their slow performance encourages alternatives based on trusted execution environments, such as Intel SGX, to speed up secure alignment. Such alternatives have to deal with data structures whose size by far exceeds secure enclave memory, requiring the alignment code to reach out into untrusted memory. We highlight how sensitive genomic information can be leaked when those enclave-external alignment data structures are accessed, and suggest countermeasures to prevent privacy breaches. The overhead of these countermeasures indicate that the competitiveness of a privacy-preserving enclavebased alignment has yet to be precisely evaluated.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSysTEX 2017 - 2nd Workshop on System Software for Trusted Execution, Colocated with ACM SOSP 2017
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Incacmhelp@acm.org
ISBN (Print)9781450350976
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 28 2017
Externally publishedYes

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