Enantiomeric resolution of tryptophan via stereoselective binding in an ion-exchange membrane partitioned free flow isoelectric focusing system

Zhengzhong Zhou, Jiu Hua Cheng, Tai-Shung Chung*, T. Alan Hatton, Masahiro Toriida, Katsunori Nishiura, Shoji Tamai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The optical resolution efficiency of a membrane system that integrates stereoselective affinity dialysis and ion-exchange membrane partitioned free flow isoelectric focusing (FFIEF) is shown to be superior to normal affinity dialysis (AD) and affinity ultrafiltration (AUF) membrane processes under similar experimental conditions, i.e. by using the same sulfonated polyetherketone (SPEK) membranes and identical human serum albumin (HSA) to tryptophan ratio of 0.75. The chiral separation is achieved by isolating the unbound tryptophan, which contains D-tryptophan in excess, and the protein-tryptophan complex into the permeation and feed chambers, respectively, by controlling their migration under an external electric field. The separation factor is increased with increasing protein concentration while the permeation flux can be enhanced by increasing the operating current. The rationale for using HSA instead of BSA as the chiral selector, and the use of four-chamber system rather than two are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)522-529
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume174
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011

Keywords

  • Affinity binding
  • Chiral separation
  • Free flow isoelectric focusing
  • Ion-exchange membrane
  • Tryptophan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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